New Delhi: A controversy arose today when Union Defense Secretary Rajnath Singh at a book launch event said it was Mahatma Gandhi who had advised Veer Savarkar to apologize to the British government. There are some people who are willing to prove freedom fighter Veer Savarkar a coward. The Minister’s statement obviously did not suit these people well.
Zee News editor-in-chief Sudhir Chaudhary on Wednesday (October 13) discussed the truth behind Savarkar’s pleadings, which he wrote to the British government while serving the ‘Kala Pani’ sentence.
There are some people who do not like Savarkar and do not want to acknowledge his friendship with Gandhi. They should know that Gandhi wrote an article that supported Savarkar and also appealed to the British to be released.
Veer Savarkar sent a total of 6 acts of mercy to the British Government during the punishment of ‘Kala Pani’, of which five petitions were sent between 1911 and 1919, while one petition was sent in 1920 at the suggestion of Mahatma Gandhi. But some argue that when Mahatma Gandhi came to India from South Africa in the year 1915, how he advised Veer Savarkar to apologize.
Veer Savarkar was first arrested in London in 1909. One of the charges against Savarkar was abetment for the murder of Nashik Collector Jackson. He was also accused of trying to create a war-like situation by launching a revolt against the British government. This proves that the British government at the time considered him to be his greatest enemy and he was one of the greatest revolutionaries in India.
After his arrest, he was sent to the Andaman and Nicobar Islands Mobile Prison in 1911, which later became known as the Kala Pani Prison. During this sentence, Veer Savarkar was subjected to terrible torture, after which he wrote the first letter to the British government on 30 August 1911, asking the British to renounce his sentence. But after 3 days, his petition was rejected.
Subsequently, on 14 November 1913, he filed another petition assuring him not to rebel against the British Government. However, there is a differing view among historians as to whether this letter should only be considered an excuse or a war strategy because Savarkar knew that revolution could not be brought about by being imprisoned and that it was important for him to get out.
He served the awful sentence of 10 years, during which time he sent a total of six acts of mercy to the government in 1911, 1913, 1914, 1915, 1918, and 1920.
In 1919, after the First World War, King George V of Great Britain issued an order, after which all political prisoners in prisons were pardoned. This was a gift to the people of India because under the leadership many leaders, including Mahatma Gandhi, had taken the oath of allegiance to the British.
Under this order, many prisoners were also released from the mobile prison in Andaman, but the British government did not pardon Vinayak Savarkar and his older brother Ganesh Damodar Savarkar.
After this, Savarkar’s younger brother Narayan Rao Savarkar wrote a letter to Mahatma Gandhi on January 18, 1920, which was quoted by Vikram Sampath in his book entitled ‘Savarkar: Echoes from a Forgotten Past’.
He asked Gandhi for advice and help in that situation. He wrote that Savarkar had served the sentence for almost 10 years and that his health had suffered a lot and that his weight had dropped to 45 kg.
One week later, Mahatma Gandhi replied to this letter on January 25, 1920. He writes: “I have received your letter. It is difficult to give any advice in this matter. But I will give you a suggestion that you must draw up a detailed petition to prove Vinayak Savarkar a political prisoner. Gandhi said this could generate public support.
It was only after Mahatma Gandhi’s proposal that Veer Savarkar sent his sixth and final mercy petition to the British Government, which was later rejected as the rest of the petitions.
Gandhi had also written an article in the Young India newspaper on May 26, 2020 entitled “Savarkar Brothers” calling for his release.
Veer Savarkar remained in prison for a total of 15 years, of which he spent 10 years in Kala Pani, which was considered the most horrible prison. Apart from this, he was also under house arrest for 13 years in the Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra.
A freedom fighter who spent almost 28 years of his life in such a terrible situation for the country’s freedom – Can his patriotism be questioned? But there are some people in the country who are used to playing politics over it.